Legacy Of The Good Friday Agreement
The 1998 peace agreement between Protestants and Catholics put an end to widespread violence and terror in Northern Ireland. Three UiA researchers are launching a new book on the legacy of the deal. “It is up to the Irish people alone, by mutual agreement between the two parties and without external hindrance, of their right to self-determination on the basis of consent, freely and at the same time given, north and south, to achieve a united Ireland, while accepting that this right be acquired and exercised with the agreement and approval of the majority of the people of Northern Ireland.” Northern Ireland remains a traumatised society. The region has the highest suicide rate in the UK. The legacy of the riots is often cited as a factor. Alcohol and prescription drug abuse are persistent problems. The scars of a divided society are still evident: corrugated iron “peace lines”, barbed wire fences, tribal wall paintings. On 9 January 2020, the British and Irish governments proposed to northern Ireland`s political parties the “New Decade, New Approach” agreement, which provides for a balanced package of measures to make Northern Ireland`s policy and government more transparent, accountable, more stable, more inclusive and more effective. The agreement between the British and Irish governments and all the major parts of Northern Ireland, with the exception of the Democratic Unionists, should also help the rival communities of that nation in the United Kingdom to continue. In this respect, it has been less successful.
The peace process has successfully achieved the violence of unrest over the past two decades. Since the conclusion of the Good Friday Agreement in 1998, it has been necessary to pursue a number of other political and legal agreements aimed at consolidating the peace settlement provided for by the VPA. “… It is up to the inhabitants of the island of Ireland alone to exercise their right to self-determination, in agreement between the two parties and without external hindrance.” The Prime Minister played a key role. The agreement is considered one of his greatest political victories. Nevertheless, Blair`s role has been controversial and has been the subject of constant discussion. This book also discusses in depth the positive and negative aspects of Blair and his work on the agreement. On 11 January 2020, on the basis of the New Decade Agreement, the new concept, the executive and the Power-Sharing Assembly, the Executive and the Assembly were reinstated, to the participation of the five main political parties in Northern Ireland. He stressed that the Good Friday agreement was and was a segregation agreement. The groups are separated and live in their own territories and thus stay apart from each other.
“When I announced the agreement, I described it as a historic achievement,” said Senator George Mitchell, former U.S. envoy for Northern Ireland and one of the key architects of the Good Friday Agreement. “But at the same time, I said that the agreement alone does not guarantee peace, political stability or reconciliation. By definition, the agreement has postponed important issues in the future. … He explicitly stated that the different political objectives of the two communities in Northern Ireland were both valid and expected, that people would continue to defend their objective, but that they would not do so through violence, but through democratic and peaceful means. This book contains a multidisciplinary collection of essays to address Northern Ireland`s deeply problematic legacy. Thus, the authors of this book address a number of issues that continue to hinder the development of a robust and sustainable peace-building project, including segregation, controversial parades and flags, ethnic party mobilization and commemorations. To address these topical themes, the authors draw from a number of disciplines such as politics, history, literature, drama, cultural sciences, sociology and social psychology.